Acne is a very common skin condition that can affect people of any age. If left untreated, acne may also cause scarring, affecting the appearance long-term. The expert providers at West Sound Dermatology in Poulsbo, WA can help.
What Causes Acne?
Acne is the result of blocked hair follicles, which can become clogged with excess oil, dead skin cells, or dirt and other debris. There are many potential underlying causes or triggers for acne, which can range from hormonal changes to side effects of medication to stress. Acne is most common among teenagers but can occur at any age.
Types of Acne
There are several common types of acne, which include:
- Comedones, commonly called whiteheads or blackheads
- Papules, which are small, red bumps
- Pustules, which are pimples that contain pus
- Nodules, which are solid, painful, and located just below the skin’s surface
- Cysts, which are similar to nodules but contain pus
Acne Treatment Options
There are many treatment options available to help resolve your acne, and the best choice varies depending on the type of acne you have.
First, your provider may recommend a topical or oral prescription. Options include antibiotics to reduce inflammation and kill acne-causing bacteria. For acne caused by hormone imbalances in women and girls, your provider may recommend birth control pills. Other patients may benefit from prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide or corticosteroids. Finally, severe acne may require isotretinoin, a vitamin-A based medication commonly known by the brand name Accutane.
Professional in-office cosmetic treatments can also treat acne or acne scars. Options include:
- Chemical peels
- Laser treatments
Finally, your provider may recommend specific skin care products to use at home.
[inject-faq cat=’Acne and Rosacea’ sub_cat=’Acne’]